In Sri Lanka, time to time, we can hear about the Dengue Fever. Especially after the rainy seasons and floods, it is coming. Actually what is this Fever? It is a painful, weakening mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. It is recorded that in each year, there are around 390 million dengue infections are occurred and about 96 million are resulted in illness. This is mostly occur in tropical areas in the world, such as; Southeast Asia, Southern China, Taiwan, The Pacific Islands, The Caribbean (except Cuba and the Cayman Islands), Mexico, Africa and Central and South America (except Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina). This fever is spread by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. This mosquito becomes infected when it bites somebody with dengue virus in their blood. And this fever can’t be spread from person to person directly.
Dengue Fever – Let’s Look into the Symptoms
These symptoms started to emerge 04-06 days after infection and it is last for up to 10 days.
- The person may suffer from sudden high fever
- He/she may have severe headaches
- He/she may have pain behind the eyes
- That person may have severe joint and muscle pain
- He/she may have fatigue
- May suffer from nausea
- He/she may feel like vomiting
- He/she may have skin rash that appease 2-5 days after the beginning of fever
- He/she may have mild bleeding like a nose bleed, bleeding gums or easy bruising
How to Diagnosing Dengue Fever?
If you will consult a doctor, he/she can identify dengue infection by doing a blood test in order to check for the virus.
What are the Treatment for Dengue Fever?
- If the person start to feel worse in the first 24 hours after his/her fever goes down, he/she should be taken to a hospital immediately to be checked for complications.
- He/she should use pain relievers with acetaminophen (and must avoid medicines with aspirin)
- He/she should do bed rest
- He/she should drink plenty of fluids
How to prevent from Dengue Fever?
Actually, there is no any vaccine to prevent this fever. So, prevention bites by infected mosquitoes is the only best way to prevent this disease. If you’ll get know the area you are staying has exposed for this disease, you can protect yourself by staying away from that area or by using mosquito repellents or by wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks, when outdoors or by using air conditioning if available, when indoors. And keep in mind that if someone in your home gets dengue fever, you should careful and protect yourself, because mosquitoes that bite the infected family member could spread the infection to others in your home.